Effectiveness of integrated person-centered interventions for older people’s care: Review of Swedish experiences and experts’ perspective

Författare: Mariam Kirvalidze, Anne-Marie Boström, Ann Liljas, Megan Doheny, Anne Hendry, Brendan McCormack, Laura Fratiglioni, Sulin Ali, Zahra Ebrahimi, Sölve Elmståhl, Maria Eriksdotter, Pascal Gläske, Lena-Karin Gustafsson, Åsa Hedberg Rundgren, Helena Hvitfeldt, Carin Lennartsson, Lena Marmstål Hammar, Gunnar H Nilsson, Peter Nilsson, Joakim Öhlén, Anna Sandgren, Annika Söderman, Karl Swedberg, Nicoline Vackerberg, Davide Liborio Vetrano, Helle Wijk, Janne Agerholm, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga - Kategori: Vetenskapliga publikationer - Årtal: 2024

Svenska perspektiv på personcentrerade interventioner för äldre personers vård och omsorg

Older adults have multiple medical and social care needs, requiring a shift toward an integrated person-centered model of care. Our objective was to describe and summarize Swedish experiences of integrated person-centered care by reviewing studies published between 2000 and 2023, and to identify the main challenges and scientific gaps through expert discussions. Seventy-three publications were identified by searching MEDLINE and contacting experts. Interventions were categorized using two World Health Organization frameworks: (1) Integrated Care for Older People (ICOPE), and (2) Integrated People-Centered Health Services (IPCHS). The included 73 publications were derived from 31 unique and heterogeneous interventions pertaining mainly to the micro- and meso-levels. Among publications measuring mortality, 15 percent were effective. Subjective health outcomes showed improvement in 24 percent of publications, morbidity outcomes in 42 percent, disability outcomes in 48 percent, and service utilization outcomes in 58 percent. Workshop discussions in Stockholm (Sweden), March 2023, were recorded, transcribed, and summarized. Experts emphasized: (1) lack of rigorous evaluation methods, (2) need for participatory designs, (3) scarcity of macro-level interventions, and (4) importance of transitioning from person- to people-centered integrated care. These challenges could explain the unexpected weak beneficial effects of the interventions on health outcomes, whereas service utilization outcomes were more positively impacted. Finally, we derived a list of recommendations, including the need to engage care organizations in interventions from their inception and to leverage researchers’ scientific expertise. Although this review provides a comprehensive snapshot of interventions in the context of Sweden, the findings offer transferable perspectives on the real-world challenges encountered in this field.

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Publicerad: 2 maj, 2024

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