In recent decades Sweden experienced social, demographic and economic changes affecting the nature and intensity of support received by people with long-term care (LTC) needs. In terms of service coverage, the Swedish old age care system peaked in the early 1980s. Since then, a dramatic reduction of institutional beds has spurred an intensive debate among older people, their families and the public, about eligibility and ‘the right to care’. Reforms in favour for a marketization of care, implying a fragmentation of care, have created problems for older people with complex health problems and severe needs who are dependent on coordinated service and care (Szebehely & Trydegård, 2012).
This report summarises emerging policy developments in Sweden in relation to quality and cost-effectiveness and dependency prevention in the long-term care area. It reviews recent key policy developments in the following four areas: • health promotion • measures to support carers • use of innovative care models and new technologies • strategies to improve care coordination.
This Sweden country report, within The CEOUA LTC network, is published in English and is the result of a co-operation between Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet & Stockholm University & Stockholm Gerontology Research Center.